1(Linux) Make a bootable USB drive (bad WIN KB4493509)

So, I had windows 10, and the an update came which stopped my machine from longing on…the KB was this KB4493509 and new KB in may, the one in may total crashed my computer.

Not able to login, not able to repair, endless problems, so I bought a USB drive (stick) and wanted to boot the old machine with Linux

Information:

https://www.ionos.com/digitalguide/server/know-how/make-a-bootable-usb-drive/

Rufus is a utility that helps format and create bootable USB flash drives, such as USB keys/pendrives, memory sticks, etc.:

https://rufus.ie/

Ubuntu:

https://ubuntu.com/download/desktop

Usb drive used:

https://www.sandisk.com/home/usb-flash/ultra-usb

Down to buisiness, ok…

Rufus is widely considered to be the fastest and most reliable tool for the creation of a bootable USB. It also supports UEFI (“Unified Extensible Firmware Interface”), a new mainboard firmware that replaced the old BIOS and can already be found on almost all newer computers. From Windows 8, it’s also possible to install “Windows2Go” as a portable operating system on an external storage device with Rufus.

Operation of the tool is simple:

  • Open the program with a double-click
  • Select your USB drive in “Device”
  • Select “Disk or ISO image” , press select and point to ISO file (saved on a pc, not on the stick)
  • Right-click on the CD-ROM symbol and select the ISO file
  • Under “New volume label”, you can enter whatever name you like for your USB drive
  • You’ll receive the warning “ALL DATA ON THIS DEVICE WILL BE DESTROYED”, which you can confidently confirm with “OK”– at this point, you’ve ideally already saved any important files from the USB drive
  • Click on “Start”
  • As soon as the green bar is full, click on “Close or Finish”
  • Eject your bootable USB drive with “Safely eject hardware”
  • Insert the stick on the broken machine
  • Get to BIOS (OS dependent, here win10)
  • UEFI settings and change boot option 1 to the stick
  • Press boot overide and you are done.

Press select, and pick the iso.

Some files could be missing for Rufus to make the image, press ready and you will be prompted to download them, the press the recommended.

All data will be destroyed.

Then is is done.

Close and eject the stick.

Now insert the stick in the destroyed windows 10 machine, start the machine, the go to Advanced options->UFEI Firmware Settings, it will then restart and go to boot menu.

Then go to boot and change the >Secure Boot to the stick, in this case->

UFEI> SanDisk, Partition 1, after that press Boot Override, the machine will launch the OS from the stick.

All your files from windows are still there and you are now running Linux.

Display all information.

uname -a

Information

Normal Live OS on portable media (cd/dvd/usb-stick) is normally “read-only” – – no changes are saved (like added bookmarks, programs installed etc.)

A CD/DVD or Usb Flash-stick that has a “perisistent” version of Ubuntu is one that allows the user to modify the “live-OS” (desktop, etc.) and have the changes saved, so upon next login, you will boot into the updated Ubuntu with your changes in place.

Normally, IF – repeat IF . . you installed the Ubuntu OS on your HDD (hard disk drive) in it’s own partition, you do NOT need (or want) to keep the usb-stick inserted. Your system will boot up and give you a screen that allows you to pick which OS (windows, linux, macos or whatever) you want to load and run.

If you did not install Ubuntu correctly to the Hard-Drive, you may just boot directly into Windows (you don’t get the screen asking which OS to load).

Persistent

https://www.howtogeek.com/howto/14912/create-a-persistent-bootable-ubuntu-usb-flash-drive/